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Ukrainian Flag

Sevastopol, Black Sea

Maidan Nezalezhnosti, main square of Kyiv

Arkangel Michail

Monument of the worker, Nova Kakhovka

River Dnipro, Nova Kakhovka

Sevastopol, monument to Admiral Nakhimov

Monument "World War II", Nova Kakhovka

     Ukraine is an East European country with the population of about 48 million. It is bordered by Russia to the north and east, Belarus to the north-west and Poland, the Slovak Republic and Hungary to the west. The country has many different geographic area types. There are mountains to the west and forests to the north, and the Black Sea to the south. With all of this variation Ukraine is rich with natural beauty. Although the capital of the country is Kyiv, there are many other large cities spread throughout the country such as Odessa, Lviv, Dniepropetrovsk.

      Ukraine is very rich in old world culture. With many forms of art and architecture visible throughout the country, it is easy to find something of interest no matter where you are.

      The climate of the country is moderate. Winter is rather mild, with no severe frosts but with regular snowfalls everywhere except the south. The rivers and lakes freeze in winter. The average winter temperature varies -15 Centigrade in the north to -10 in the south. Summer is quite hot and dry, with occasional showers and thunderstorms.


Ukrainian nature


Maryinsky park - the monument to General Vatutin

Kyiv Tax Inspection


Inter in Kyiv

Statue of Lenin, Nova Kakhovka

Pushcha Voditsya, Kyiv

        Full country name: Ukraine
        Area: 603,700 sq km (233,000 sq mi)
        Population: 49.1 million
        Capital city: Kiev (pop 2.6 million)
        People: Ukrainian 73%, Russian 22%, Jewish 1%
       Languages: Ukrainian, Russian, Romanian, Polish, Hungarian
        Religion: Ukrainian Orthodox, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox, Ukrainian Catholic, Protestant, Jewish
        Currency: 1  Hrivnya (Hr) = 100 kopiyok
        Government: Republic
        President: Viktor A. Yuschenko

Beautiful Kyiv - the capital of Ukraine

Monument to Bohdan Khmelnitsky

Kyiv, view of Podol district

Square near by the Opera Theatre

Khreshchatik Street

Kyiv at night

Kyiv Fountains

Verkhovna Rada

Maryinsky Park

      Kyiv (also known as Kiev), a scenic city of close to 3 million people situated on the Dnipro River, is the bustling capital of Ukraine. Ancient Kievan Rus, which reached its greatest period of ascendancy during the 11th and 12th centuries, was a center of trade routes between the Baltic and the Mediterranean. The city of Kyiv and the power of Kievan Rus were destroyed in 1240 by Mongol invaders and the lands of Kievan Rus were divided into principalities located to the west and north: Galicia, Volynia, Muscovy and later, Poland, Lithuania, and Russia. Once a powerful force on the European scene, Ukraine's fate in modern times has been decided in far-off capitals. As a result, modern Ukrainian history, for the most part, has been defined by foreign occupation.

      Kyiv suffered severely during World War II, and many irreplaceable architectural and art treasures were destroyed. Earlier in the 1930's the Soviet authorities systematically destroyed many churches. Extensive restoration has revived much of historic Kyiv. The city hit the headlines in April 1986, when the nuclear reactor at nearby Chernobyl exploded, but scientists generally agree that the city is now safe from radiation effects.

      Despite repressions, suffering, political turmoil, and ecological disasters, Ukraine's spirit and national identity have never died. On August 24, 1991, after the aborted coup in Moscow, Ukraine proclaimed its independence. As of 1994, Ukraine has diplomatic relations with over 135 countries and close to 60 diplomatic missions are established in Kyiv. News correspondents, business representatives, and students from all over the world reside in Kyiv, and the flow of foreign tourists and official delegations is heavy year round. The resident American community consists of Embassy personnel (including dependents), correspondents, business representatives, clergy, professors, and students.

New and old

Fountain at Maidan Nezalezhnosti

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

      The art and architecture of Kyiv are world treasures. The Cathedral of St. Sophia, where the princes of Kyiv were crowned in the years of Kyiv's grandeur, has outstanding mosaics and frescoes dating back to the 11th century. Overlooking the old section of Kyiv, Podol, stands the Ukrainian Baroque church of St. Andrew, much beloved by Ukrainians. The Percherska Lavra, the Monastery of the Caves, a short trolley ride from the center of town, has two 11th-century cathedrals on its grounds, in addition to its world-famous catacombs, bell tower, and museum collections. Close to the center of town stands the Golden Gate, a structure which dates back to 1037. This recently reconstructed remains of the former fortified wall of the city defined the limits of the city in centuries past. Several blocks away, stands the magnificent 19th-century Cathedral of St. Volodymyr.

      Theater buffs will find much to choose from here. Most performances are in Ukrainian or Russian. The recently renovated Kyiv Opera House presents very good opera as well as a broad repertoire of ballets. The Kyiv Young Theater is very popular and stages innovative plays in Ukrainian or Russian. The Ivan Franko Theater is the center of Ukrainian drama, comedy, and musicals. This repertoire has just opened its 75th season and includes brilliant versions of Aeneid and Teve Tevel, the original version of Fiddler on the Roof.

      The modern center with surviving parts of the old city are on the hilly west, or right bank, of the Dnipro River. The main street, Khreshchatik, runs between two steep hills. Parallel about half a kilometer west, is vulytsya Volodymyrska, the main street of the Old Kyiv area (Staryj Kyiv). From the north end of Khreshchatik, vulytsya Hrushevskoho rises southeast along a ridge to the Caves Monastery at Perchersk. Woods and parks cover most of the steep right-bank slopes. The capital's newer sections stretch out on the flat left bank. These are characterized by large housing developments and industrialized neighborhoods.

      Ukrainian pottery, embroidery, and handicrafts are available throughout the city, particularly in shops on Andrievsky Uzviz, at Percherska Lavra, and St. Sophia's church. Quality and quantity vary from shop to shop. A growing number of hard currency stores stock Western food, alcohol, clothing, and electrical appliances. Most prices, in hard-currency stores, are higher than those in the West, and availability of stock is unpredictable.

New building

Khreshchatik Street

Khreshchatik Street

Yaroslav Mudriy

Bridge across the river Dnipro

Church of St. Michail

Cathedral of St. Sophia

The monument on Maidan Nezalezhnosti


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