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Warsaw

Gdansk

Krakow

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Squirrel in Warsaw

Poland

Poland

Poland

Poland

Poland

Poland

Poland

     Poland was the largest East European country to join the EU, doing so in May of 2004. Poland is comparable in size to Italy or Germany (in USA larger than New Mexico) and with a population of approximately 39 millions (e.g. more than California) it ranks among the most influential and remarkable countries in central and Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Germany, the Slovak Republic, the Czech Republic, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Russia. To the north Poland borders the Baltic Sea. Most of the country is a plain with no natural boundaries except the Carpathian Mountains in the south and the Oder and Neisse rivers in the west. Other major rivers, which are important to commerce, are the Vistula, Warta, and Bug. Most of the country lies less than 200 metres above sea level. The highest peak - Rysy - is 2,500 metres.

      The country is 100's of years old so its history and museums are an attraction to everyone. Many Polish tourist sights have already gained a worldwide reputation and are an absolute must to see if you consider a journey to this area: Kraków, Warszawa, Gdańsk, Częstochowa, Auschwitz, the Tatra mountains. There are 23 National Parks in Poland.

      Poland has a temperate climate with seasonal variations between -15C in winter and 35C in the summer. The extremes of temperature are more pronounced in the mountains of the south and in the lake area in the north.

      Natural resources include coal, sulphur, copper, natural gas, silver, amber, lead, salt and arable land.

         Full country name: Republic of Poland
        National name: Rzeczpospolita Polska
        Area: 312,685 sq km (120,728 sq mi)
       Population: 38,626,349
       Capital city: Warsaw, 2,201,900 (metro. area), 1,607,600 (city proper); population: 1,676,600
        Other large cities: Lodz, 778,200; Krakow, 733,100; Wroclaw, 632,200; Poznan, 581,200; Gdansk, 456,700; Szczecin, 415,700
        People: Polish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Belorussian 0.1% Ukrainian 0.1%, other 2.7%
        Languages: Polish
        Religion: 95% of the population is Roman Catholic, Catholic Orthodox (minority), Ukrainian Catholic (minority), Protestant (minority), Eastern Orthodox (minority)
        Currency: 1 zloty (PLN) = 100 groszys
       Government: Bicameral parliamentary democracy
       President: Lech Kaczynski

Beautiful Warsaw - the capital of Poland

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

       Warsaw (Warszawa) is one of Europe’s most underrated cities, with a string of things to see, an impressive cultural scene and an increasingly lively nightlife. It is expanded around the castle of the dukes of Masovia in the early 14th century, and became the capital of the Polish Kingdom in 1595, after the burning of Krakуw. Warsaw is located on the Vistula river roughly 350 km from both the Baltic coast and the Carpathian Mountains. Its population as of 2004 was astimated at 1,676,600, with an urban agglomeration of approximately 2,400,000. Situated in the Mazowieckie province, in east-central Poland, the city spans the Wisla (Vistula River) and all the main tourist sites are on the left bank, while the right bank contains the increasingly fashionable Praga district.

      By the end of World War II, roughly 85% of the city lay in ruins and most of the population had been killed, deported or sent to concentration camps. More than a third of Warsaw’s pre-war population was Jewish, although there are hardly any traces of this heritage remaining, as the city’s prosperous Jewish community was decimated by the end of the war. The Old City has been meticulously restored and centres on a medieval market square with open-air cafes, surrounded by Renaissance and Baroque style houses.

      The Barbican, a relic of the medievalfortifications, is to the south of the square, and further south is Lazienki Park.

      Lazienki Park has a monument to the Polish composer Frederic Chopin (there is a great sense of pride in Frederic Chopin in the Polish capital. Born in 1810, in nearby Zelazowa Wola, the musician moved shortly thereafter to Warsaw, where he remained until he left for Paris in 1830) , and the 18th century summer palace of Stanislas II Augustus.

      There are many historic churches in Warsaw, and numerous museums and galleries. Two notable monuments are dedicated, to the heroes of the Warsaw ghetto and of the Polish underground during World War II.

      The tourist epicentre of Warsaw is the ‘Royal Route’, which runs north–south from the New and Old Towns, past the fashionable shops of Nowy Swiat, the palaces that survived the war and the royal gardens of Lazienki Park, before reaching Wilanow Palace to the south of the city centre. The city also boasts many green spaces, with leafy parks where rowing boats cruise past outdoor cafes, during the summer, and free classical concerts attract large crowds. The nightlife scene today is equally surprising, with the city’s clued-up and increasingly well dressed youth flocking to the countless bars and clubs of a city that now buzzes after dark.

      Warsaw has one international Airport (Okcie International Airport located just 10 km. away from the city centre. With over 60 international and domestic flights a day and with over 4.5 millions of passengers a year it is by far the biggest airport in Poland. There are also plans of a second international airport to be built, mostly for aerial connections with other European Union countries. The public transportation system in Warsaw consists of three branches (buses, tramways and metro) united in the ZTM ( Zarzd Transportu Miejskiego or the City Transportation Office). Additional lines are operated by private companies and the state-owned railways.

      Warsaw is home to over 30 major theatres that are spread throughout the city, including the National Theatre - Teatr Narodowy (founded in 1765) comprises the Teatr Wielki ( www.teatrwielki.pl ) (Grand Theatre) and Opera Narodowa (National Opera) and has a tradition dating back to 1778. Opera and ballet performances run every evening, except for Monday, during the season (September-May). Warszawska Opera Kameralna (Warsaw Chamber Opera), ( www.wok.pol.pl ), performs at a variety of venues throughout Warsaw. The main cultural season runs from September to July, although there are often summer festivals featuring outdoor concerts held on the Old Town Square and in Warsaw’s parks. Warsaw also attracts many young and off-stream directors and performers who add to the city's theatre culture. Their productions can be seen mostly in the smaller theatres and Houses of Culture ( Dom Kultury ) located mostly outside of the city.

      The main orchestra in Warsaw is the Filharmonia Narodowa (National Philharmonic), also called the Warsaw Philharmonic ( www.filharmonia.pl ), located opposite the Palace of Culture and Science.

      Lighter music is offered at the popular Buffo Theatre , where anything from Elvis Presley to pre-war Polish movie songs and musicals are performed. Large-scale productions, such as Aпda , are held in the 2000-seat Sala Moniuszki , in the National Theatre, which has one of the largest stages in Europe. Prices for performances here are Z6 to Z90, or more.

       There are many museums and art galleries in Warsaw, most notable are the Muzeum Narodowe, Zachta Art Museum, Centre for Contemporary Art, Museum of the Polish Army. The biggest of them, the National Museum has numerous divisions located in many parts of Warsaw, most notably in the Royal Castle and the Wilanow Palace. On August 1, 2004, the Warsaw Uprising Museum was opened to the public.

      Warsaw celebrates the end of winter on 21 March, with Topienie Marzanny , the drowning of an effigy of the witch Marzanna, in the Wisla River. Throughout summer and autumn, on Sunday afternoon, outdoor concerts in Lazienki Park, at the Chopin Monument, celebrate the city’s most famous composer. The Chopin Music Summer Concerts run from June to October. In honour of another famous composer, the city’s Mozart Festival , from mid-June to the end of July, has concerts at many venues throughout the city. On Slaska Noc Swietojanska (Midsummer's Eve), 23 June, wreathes with lit candles are floated on the Wisla River. There are also many concerts and the night ends with firework displays over the city. Warsaw Autumn , in the third and fourth weeks of September, is a celebration of contemporary classical music, with concerts held in venues throughout the city. Christmas festivities include a profusion of Christmas markets throughout the city and superb creches at many of the churches.

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw

Poland, Warsaw


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